Tuesday, May 26, 2020
When manipulation is used to achieve the goals of few, it ends up causing more damage to the lives of many. This is shown throughout the Tragedy of Julius Caesar, by guards, wives, citizens, and especially, by Cassius and Antony. Ambition is each of their flaws, and they both act as catalysts for the plot, further escalating the situation in Rome, after the death of Pompey. Wars are started, innocents are killed, and lives are ruined, due to manipulation and its impacts on others. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not just a fictional thing either, manipulation is everywhere, and itÃ¢â¬â¢s had real-life consequences. However, the tale of Julius Caesar does a great illustrating its lasting effects. As a result of the motives of Cassius and Antony, the use of manipulation toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦After the murder of Caesar, Antony is filled with rage and a lust for revenge. Unlike nieve Brutus, Antony is clever, sly, and calculating, and he begs the conspirators to kill him now if they have to. Br utus doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be seen as a butcher, and mistakenly thinks only Caesar was ambitious. Antony sees this and pretends to make peace with the conspirators. He goes up to each one of them and shakes their hand giving a similar offering of an alliance, Ã¢â¬Å"Let each man render me his bloody hand / First Marcus Brutus, will I shake with you.Ã¢â¬ (Shakespeare, Julius Caesar III.i.194-196) In reality, it is a hit list, of who to kill first, starting with Brutus. Once heÃ¢â¬â¢s gained their trust, he is allowed to speak at the funeral of Caesar, he is allowed to display the body, and he is left alone. This allows him to anger the plebeians, starting the rioting, civil war, and further tragedy. AntonyÃ¢â¬â¢s mastery over influence and words wrongfully played off of the naivety and ignorance of the plebeians. Once Antony gained the trust of the conspirators, and was allowed to speak at Caesars, funeral to display the body, he used manipulation to control of the citizens. AntonyÃ¢â¬â¢s speech reinforced their trust and love for Caesar while making them question whether Brutus was truly an Ã¢â¬Å"honourable man.Ã¢â¬ To make sure the citizens trust him, he says, Ã¢â¬Å"For I have neither, wit, nor words, norShow MoreRelatedTheme Of Manipulation In Julius Caesar724 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesshowing their true colors to benefit themselves for success. Those people also usually master deception to trick others into accepting artificial personalities before revealing the truth. Shakespeare uses the character Cassius in Julius Caesar, to show how manipulation is done by demonstrating inner thoughts, the comparison of characters, and writing of letters throughout the play. For instance, the character Cassius uses his inner thoughts of to take control of BrutusÃ¢â¬â¢ thinking. Cassius states,Read MoreRhetoric and Betrayal in Julius Caeser Play1486 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWilliam ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s famous play Julius Caesar utilizes the literary element of rhetoric multiple times throughout to show the true power that words can hold. The rhetoric in Caesar accompanies the playÃ¢â¬â¢s themes of betrayal, deception, and exaggeration. Brutus uses rhetoric to persuade the crowd of plebeians that the murdering of Caesar was positive and beneficial to all of Rome, winning their support and causing them to join his cause. Soon after, Mark Antony gives a terrifically-persuasive speechRead MoreJulius Caesar Power Of Speech921 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshis play, Julius Caesar, in order to verify true the theme that loyalty and respect are two of the most extremely convincing tactics. He demonstrates the power of speech as he is manipulating words in order to prove a certain point in the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s favor, whoever that may be. Mark Antony was a man who enjoyed spending the majority of his time at extravagant parties and receiving everything he wanted at his sudden demand. Shakespeare created Antony to be an expert in speech manipulation, which endedRead MoreShakespeare Was A Playwright That Emphasized Tragedy, Love1875 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËJulius CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢ with conflict experienced by Brutus between the high morality of the Superego, and the instinctual evil of the Id while the Ego tries to keep both levels of personality within an appropriate balance to avoid a discord in personality.Ã Ã Another very powerful theory of FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s was the battle between life and death instincts which is unequivocally at the very basis of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Julius Caesar. The use of FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s theories can be found throughout the play Julius Caesar withRead MoreEssay on Shakespeare: A Master of Tragedy, As Seen in Julius Caesar1400 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesperfect example being his infamous play Julius Caesar. Jealousy, power and war, all of which being huge bullets in the plot of the play. What to say itÃ¢â¬â¢s main scheme of it would have to be the conspiracy to murder the Caesar, and the conspirators that helped complete this bloody task. To do so, there were many events that led up to it, thus including the subplot. What this wouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve been most likely was BrutusÃ¢â¬â¢ self-struggles and inner conflicts. Julius, was defiantly not the smartest card inRead MoreJulius Caesar, by William Shakespeare and The Life of Caesar, by Plutarch882 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesit is impossible to avoid all sources such as documents, leaders and friends. Manipulation, the ability to alter the position or influence a person, occurs everywhere one goes. Th roughout Julius Caesar by Shakespeare and The Life of Caesar by Plutarch, the theme of manipulation was revealed through countless instances showing both its sources and effects. Several of the characters in both accounts, such as Brutus, Caesar, and the people of Rome, were manipulated one time or another, by sources suchRead MoreJulius Caesar - Theme of Friendship951 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshad sealed the fate of Julius Caesar, and Brutus, Cassius, and all the other conspirators knew that they could use this to their advantage, and to Caesars disadvantage. Friendship, was what the conspirators used as a cover to blind Caesar from the truth, just as a hunter uses camouflage to keep the animals from seeing what he is up to. The conspirators also used camouflage, but they used flattery along with manipulation as a way to soothe any feelings of doubt that Caesar may have had about theirRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Julius Caesar Essay2387 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesWilliam ShakespeareÃ¢â¬ â¢s Julius Caesar, the battle for power is always in a state of flux, constantly changing hands. Though the players in this play sometimes use physical force to obtain power, it is persuasion and manipulation that have the strong hold on her. Through close examination of this text, the use of persuasion and manipulation in obtaining and maintaining power will be explored. When the play first opens there is a celebration in the streets because Julius Caesar has proven victoriousRead More Motivation and Manipulation in Julius Caesar Essay1845 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages In Julius Caesar, Shakespeare illuminates the themes of human motivation and manipulation. He examines the relationship between actions and motivations, cause and effect, and word and deed, using the symbols of hands and hearts. Throughout the play, the characters Brutus and Marc Antony express their different understandings of this relationship rhetorically. In his 1953 film interpretation, Joseph L. Mankiewicz demonstrates these charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ understanding through both the playÃ¢â¬â¢s original dialogueRead MoreThe Unexpected Surprise of Violence1009 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesvalued once risks are taken, but the outcome is never expected. Shirley Jackson, reader of witchcraft books, horrifies people with her perspective on the understanding of merciless rituals that kept communities at ease. Shirley Jackson develops her theme of unexpected violence in her short story Ã¢â¬Å"The LotteryÃ¢â¬ through the use of irony, symbolism, and denouement. On a summer day in a small town in the short story, Ã¢â¬Å"The LotteryÃ¢â¬ , Jackson takes advantage of the peaceful environment and adds a convoluted
Friday, May 15, 2020
Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a mans character, give him power (Lincoln). When young, it is taught that the Founding Fathers worked tirelessly to free our country from the British. Later it is learned that history is not so straight forward and that human flaw plays a central role when it comes to the themes of history. Not everything that occurs in history is an accident nor is it as honest as it would be liked. So when Howard Zinn asserts that, Ã¢â¬Å"Around 1776, certain important people in the English colonies made a discovery that would prove enormously useful for the next two hundred years. They found that by creating a nation, a symbol, a legal unity called the United States, they could take over land,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦To that point, even poor, small or non land owning white males could not participate in the government.() As Thomas Hutchins points out it would have almost been easier to write a declaration of war. Hutchins wrote a re buttal to almost every anti-British statement that was in the Declaration, and by doing so he outlines the hypocrisies and lies that exist within not only the text, the Founding Fathers and their true goals. His ability to do so proves the document was not for the proclamation of freedom, but a rallying cry, and an exhibition of upper class colonist goals. The Founders cared an enormous amount about property and taxes on businesses and trade.They cared about making the nation larger, more expansive, and more promoting to businesses, specifically theirs.() So with this self-interest in mind they were willing to focus the documents that founded and still found the country today on those ideals. Possibly knowing they would not get the general consensus in their direction the Framers did not even put the Constitution, and its Amendments to a vote. As an author, Stanley Weintraub highlights the Founders did not need to break apart from Britain, taxes were lower in the colonies, the taxe s were lightly monitored and collected, and there was no need for much anti-British sentiment, especially since they had almost full autonomy until the French Indian War. He goes on to say that the Founders had
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
There is not one person in this world who has the exact same preferences as another person. Everyone has their own unique style, which creates the need for a wider variety of genres. In the Elizabethan Ear, one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest poets emerged. His sonnets, stories, plays were written in such varieties that appealed to the masses, even in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Of all his works, the most popular styles were comedies and tragedies. These polar opposites appealed to many because of the way they brought the story to life. The same story written in both of these styles could have a completely different effect on the audience based on the style used. Although completely dissimilar, the two styles did have some similarities, which keptÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The use of insanity reoccurs in the course of the play with dire consequences. A serious tone of voice and subject matter is always present during a tragedy. Throughout the entire course of Macbeth, the rea der is under the constant weight of how the hero was slowly meeting his demise. Unfortunate event after unfortunate event occurred, each becoming more serious and tragic. It started with the death of Duncan, then to more murders, then suicide, and finally the dramatic downfall of Macbeth, himself. There is nothing in this long cycle of death that even remotely puts a smile on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s face. Since the plot was riddled with death, the characters even had a somber note to them. They constantly talked of blood, death, and murder Ã¢â¬â subjects that would never appear in a comedy in such the manner they were used. The severity of the plot in Macbeth causes the need for equally severe characters. This serious tone provides the perfect setting for the destruction of the main character as well as irony that puts oneÃ¢â¬â¢s mind at unease, which is nicely packaged into a style of writing known as the tragedy. On the complete opposite side there is the comedy. As its name suggests, the genre is stuffed with buffoonery, confusion, and just all around nonsense that makes the reader submit into fits of laughter. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s The Twelfth Night places a great amount of emphasis onShow MoreRelatedShakespearean Comedy Vs. Tragedy1777 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesShakespearean Comedy vs. Tragedy Some people tend to think that William Shakespeare was some famous writer that was only capable of spitting out sad love stories. This is widely disproved through the reading of multiple Shakespearean works. During his life, Shakespeare used a plethora of writing formulas and plot outlines to produce many works of literature of many genres, such as A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream, a popular comedy, and The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, one of his most famous tragedies, as opposedRead MoreThe Evolution Of Greek Theater1576 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesconsidered to be one of the building blocks for our theater today. The advancements that the Greeks possessed in the early fifth century were the start of western theater. The Greeks were heavily involved with religion and religious festivals, comedies, tragedies, climatic drama, and took the outdoor amphitheater and made many improvements to its structure. In Ancient Greece religion and theater went hand in hand. The Greeks developed religion that was based on worship of many Gods. In honor of theRead MoreShe Stoops to Conquer1720 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbefore taking up a life of writing in London. In 1761, he met Samuel Johnson, become an important member of his literary circle. He is best known for a comic novel, The Vicar of Wakefield, a poem about urbanization, The Deserted Village, and a stage comedy, She Stoops to Conquer. Goldsmith, by Joshua Reynolds, ca. 1773 By reputation, Goldsmith was brilliant but insecure, and well-meaning and good-natured, but often foolish or gauche in social situations. The PlayÃ¢â¬â¢s the Thing . . . In manyRead MoreTartuffe, By Touching On Tartuffe1209 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescharacters in the comedy itself. So letÃ¢â¬â¢s begin with Wycherley as the playwright himself. Wycherley has created an impressive plot that imitates from many other classical and neoclassical origins. The plot has an indecisive conclusion that really doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t bring about change in the world of the play. Ultimately what this does is it deprives audiences the gratification of a comedic conclusion. Considering that we are talking about the Restoration time period, a Restoration comedy might have two oppositionalRead MoreCharacteristics Of The Tragedy Of Platos Apology1068 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe relationship of comedy and tragedy are often overlapped in meaning, notably in ancient Greek drama and arts. Comedy often presupposed tragedy and are known to compliment one another in literary work. Plato displayed the proper elements of adversity within the Ã¢â¬Å"ApologyÃ¢â¬ and detailed the unfairn ess the democratic society of Athens presents by punishing an opposing, equally justified force. Socrates preforms his defence arrogantly and sarcastically in the courtroom of Athens, humouring his own trialRead MoreAristoles View on Drama1347 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestwo different categories of drama: comedy and tragedy. Greek theater used two masks known as Thalia (comedy mask) and Melpomene (tragedy mask) to symbolize these two types. In a general sense comedy and tragedy differ only in there endings. For instance both comedies and tragedies can have moments of laughter and sadness, but comedies end happy while tragedies end very sad. While both genres of drama have greatly influenced theater as we know it today, Greek tragedy is better known as having a moreRead MoreTragic Hero in Othello by William Shakespeare1306 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesknow for certain because of the inexact documentation at the time the plays were first being organized and publishedÃ¢â¬ (para. 1). This meant that many of his plays might had been lost or forgotten. Of the thirty-seven plays he wrote ten tragedies, seventeen comedies, and ten histories. William followed these genres to the end; however, he did not follow the classical models. These innovations made it harder for the types of genre to be recognized because they all started to blur together. As an audienceRead MoreNature of the Representation of Death on Television1356 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesshown on cable television, and an hour of the adult-cartoon series South Park on Comedy Central. In each of the shows, death is portrayed with a sense of extreme melodrama and tragedy, sinister calculation and sadism, or ridiculous sensationalism and even (as in the case of the cartoon) absolute irreverence. The network news station Fox News portrayed the death of U.S. Ambassador Christopher Stephens as a tragedy that might have been avoided. It spent a good deal of time discussing political issuesRead MoreJerusalem2091 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Throughout comedy the emphasis is on human limitations rather than on human greatnessÃ¢â¬ (John Morreal Comedy Tragedy and Religion). To what extent does Jez Butterworth focus on human weakness and ineptitude in his play Ã¢â¬ËJerusalemÃ¢â¬â¢? Jez ButterworthÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËJerusalemÃ¢â¬â¢ creates a comic vision focusing on the ambiguities, turmoil and hypocrisies of the society presented on stage. Butterworth focuses on the charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ degeneracies in which the form of humour tends to be the exposure of their unruly behaviourRead MoreSome Girl(s): A Ttragic comedy1066 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTyler was the result of ethics. Ethics are dependent on others for definition. Ã¢â¬Å"Then youÃ¢â¬â¢re doing it for her. Right.Ã¢â¬ (LaBute 28). He is not saying no to getting physically involved with Tyler because of his beliefs, but rather the definition of right vs. wrong that his fiancÃ ©e and society believe to be true. He doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t think that getting involved with Tyler is wrong, yet he knows his fiancÃ ©e would. Ethics is shown in the beginning act when Sam admits to thinking Guy was calling her to run away with
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Teaching is a unique profession in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s workplace. It is an occupation that will not give you a promotion very easily based on performance. It is also an occupation that can be seen as something that is not highly enough reimbursed for the impact it has on the lives of young people. A teacher needs an incredible passion for children/adolescents in order to be an effective educator. The way a teacher runs their classroom has the potential to be a huge part of a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s life and an even greater part in the effect the student has on the kids. There are distinct advantages and disadvantages to the teaching profession. Advantages include working with the children that educators are so passionate about every day and having the chance to meet an incredible amount of new people year after year. Some of the disadvantages are, most obviously to the public eye, salary as well as certain students who are apathetic toward learning or participating. These pros and cons are similar to those that go along with every profession in this country and they require you to strive for the good times and work through the bad ones. Working with children every day can be an incredible experience. Most evidently in elementary schools, kids have such a passion for learning. They love their teacher, they love school, and they love learning new things so they can go home and tell their parents they learned to multiply today. As the students get older, although it is harder to recognize the passion for learning, the Ã¢â¬ËahaÃ¢â¬â¢ moments are that much more rewarding. There must be no feeling like working through a rough time with a student while they try and try to work through the conflict and seeing it through until the end. The reward a teacher gets from that moment when you see them completely through the problem they were having is unlike anything most people ever experience in their lives. Most people see it in their children but only teachers have the ability to have that same effect on hundreds or thousands of kids over their careers. Salary is certainly an issue in the education profession. It is not fair that people who spend their time shaping students in to the human being they will grow up to be get paid lower than almost all other positions in the country. Outside of people directly affected by these educators, nobody can understand what importance they actually have on the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s futures. They can make or break their morals, understanding of respect, and even their future grasp on knowledge in general. Without teachers our society would be in an incredible amount of turmoil and it would be in a hole so big it may be irreversible. Working with so many different students can be a life changing experience for not only the students who receive the blessings from the teacher but for the teachers who get so many of their own blessings from their students who unknowingly give and give and give. Meeting new people every year is a great experience. A teacher has the opportunity to meet over one-hundred new people each year. That is not to mention all the kids parents at conferences or any new faces they see in the workplace. Meeting so many people and having an opportunity to impact that many lives is an impossibly awesome situation for educators. Teachers are in a position to drastically improve society of the future and the teachers who actually are extremely passionate toward the kids will certainly be taking steps in the right direction. Student apathy has been an issue for as long as there have been people trying to teach other people. It goes with the job and it is something every educator needs to figure out how to work with and get past. It is an unfortunate part of the profession, but can be seen as an opportunity to work through conflicts and give the students the same respect they need throughout the process. Working through the students who do not want to learn, participate, or even be in the classroom, is a challenge and a blessing. It makes teachers realize how lucky they have been that not every student is like that, or that they still get to have those students who are as passionate about learning as the teacher is about teaching. Although a disadvantage of teaching, student apathy can also put things into perspective in a good way for educators. As teaching becomes a more recognized profession, maybe it will also become more glorious. Even with all the positives to the profession there are certainly enough disadvantages that need to be worked on. The bottom line is it is not a job that someone should just get into because he or she needs a job. It is an occupation that requires patience, understanding, and most importantly passion. It is not a job for everybody but for those who do enjoy the impact they have on the lives of these students it can be the most rewarding experience on the planet.
Monday, April 13, 2020
The problems of sex and marriage, sex before and after marriage, and the role of sex in marriage are considered to be one of the most burning ones in different spheres of life. Lots of people prefer to talk about it just in order to solve own problems and share own experience. Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Sex Marriage: Personal Opinion specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Some people like to investigate these issues and find out the ways to make their marriages better and stronger. If sex is something that turns out to be crucially important, it is necessary to talk about it and present various ideas to choose the best one. Can it be that sex is obsolete? What causes these conditions? Why people like to have sex and why they try to find out a reason not to have it sometimes? To these very questions, there are so many answers. Each person has his/her own point of view, and right now, I want to share my ideas as f or the role of sex in marriage and the reasons of why sex may be obsolete. Firs of all, it is a bit wrong to apprehend sex as a kind of barometer of relationships between a husband and a wife. To my mind, sex will be always something that unites a woman and a man, helps to develop their relations, provides them with a chance to learn each other better, and comprehend each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s desires with time. This is why the role of sex in marriage is significant indeed. When two people feel something that is hard to control, want to be as close as possible, and cannot wait a minute without kissing each other, this condition is called passion. Passion and sex are the things, which cannot be apart. Only when passion appears, sex turns out to be true and interesting for both people. Marriage should not be a kind of barrier that decreases the role of sex; it is better to accept marriage as another opportunity to experiment and use all imagination to satisfy a partner and get the desired satisfaction. When people are married, they may forget about possible uneasiness and allow themselves doing various things. Of course, some people spend too much energy to create strong and long-time relations: they spend much time at work in order to earn more money for a family, they bring up children and forget about the ways of how these children have been made; and they think a lot about how to create good reputation among other families. Advertising Looking for essay on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Without any doubts, these issues are really important for any family; however, it is better to achieve positive outcomes not at expense of sex. Both men and women confess that they have obsolete sex; they consider sex as one more necessity for their fleshly bodies, but nothing more. To my mind, such attitude to sex kills all romance and desire to live together. People should not forget about sex as a wonderful me ans to find out the desired satisfaction, at least, for a couple of years. However, when I remember a couple of old man and woman, who observe a sunset, holding each other hands, I cannot but admire their devotion to each other, their attraction to each other, and their desire to spend one more minute, enjoying this sunset. I do believe that obsolete sex and certain duties are not about them, as they have already found a good way to unite all the necessary issues to create a strong family and not to forget about sex. This is why they enjoy this life as no one else. The role of sex in marriage is very important: without proper sex, a couple cannot comprehend each other and enjoy each change in this life. In order to have a good family and live a happy life, it is better to think for several times about how to achieve positive results, and then take certain steps, considering sex as a significant means to make relations stronger. This essay on Sex Marriage: Personal Opinion was written and submitted by user Dexter Hewitt to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
ButlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Tourism Lifecycle Model Essay Essay Example ButlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Tourism Lifecycle Model Essay Paper ButlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Tourism Lifecycle Model Essay Paper Butler developed a theoretical account which shows how any tourer resort may turn. A resort may get down off from being a little. low key. finish. He suggests that all resorts go through the same kind of procedure. The seven phases of tourer development A graph of ButlerÃ¢â¬â¢s resort life rhythm theoretical account 1. Exploration Ã¢â¬â a little figure of tourers visit the country. The country is good and few tourer installations exist. 2. Involvement Ã¢â¬â local people start to supply some installations for tourers. There starts to go a recognized tourer season. 3. Development Ã¢â¬â the host state starts to develop and publicize the country. The country becomes recognised as a tourer finish. 4. Consolidation Ã¢â¬â the country continues to pull tourers. The growing in tourer Numberss may non be a fast as earlier. Some tensenesss develop between the host and the tourers. 5. Stagnation Ã¢â¬â the installations for the tourers may worsen as they become old and run down. The Numberss of tourers may worsen excessively. 6. Rejuvenation Ã¢â¬â investing and modernization may happen which leads to betterments and visitant Numberss may increase once more. 7. Decline Ã¢â¬â if the resort is non rejuvenated ( present 6 ) so it will travel into diminution. Peoples lose their occupations re lated to touristry. The image of the country suffers. The Butler theoretical account is a generalization. and so non all resorts will follow this procedure. Application of ButlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Tourism Lifecycle Model to Calafell A ; Sitges. Spain ( MEDC ) Sitges and Calafell are about equal-sized colonies lying to the south West of Barcelona. Both rely on touristry as a major beginning of income and employment and the survey aims to compare the comparative success of touristry. in its assorted signifiers. by using the Butler Model. 1. SITGES Sitges Ã¢â¬â a brief history Sitges is a town of about 25. 000 people and is located about 30 kilometers south of Barcelona. Originally occupied by the Romans on a defensive promontory looking out to sea. SitgesÃ¢â¬â¢ port was used to merchandise merchandises from the Penedes part and other topographic points from the Roman Mediterranean. Despite its direct contact with the sea. the town had more peasant husbandmans than fishermen. with vineries being the chief economic activity. In the eighteenth century Catalonia obtained permission to merchandise straight with the West Indian Spanish settlements and by 1833 more than 27 % of the Catalans trading with Cuba were Sitgetans. The lucks made were invested in the purchase or fix of the townÃ¢â¬â¢s old houses. Sitges. although located near to Barcelona. was still difficult to entree at the clip. but began to develop as a summer resort for taking the Waterss. Equally early as 1879. there are records demoing that baths were already being used as medicative therapy and watering place partisans straight became beach partisans. However. it was non until 1881. with the reaching of the railroad line from Barcelona. that touristry in Sitges truly began to develop. With the reaching of Santiago Rusinol in 1891 Ã¢â¬â one of the designers of Modernism Ã¢â¬â Sitges became the cultural Centre of the modernists. In 1909. Sitges was visited by Charles Deering. a North American millionaire who converted a street in the historic nucleus into a castle. the Palau Maricel. This castle and RusinolÃ¢â¬â¢s abode helped launch Sitges to tourist celebrity. In 1918. the Terramar garden metropolis and the Passeig Maritim or Esplanade were constructed. Atraccion de Forasteros ( Tourist Attraction Company ) was created in 1928 and the Tourist Information Office in 1934. From so on. Sitges would go a European touristry standard compositor. Aerial position of SitgesÃ¢â¬â¢ historic nucleusThe Butler Model applied to Sitges1. Sitges Discovery Sitges was discovered early by people from the metropolis of Barcelona. It subsequently began to pull many creative persons and intellectuals such as Rusinol. Many affluent Catalans besides built 2nd places in Sitges to get away a much polluted Barcelona. Much of the early wealth of Sitges was based on trade with the West Indies and Cuba in peculiar. The houses on the southern portion of the Esplanade reflect this Cuban influence. 2. Sitges Growth and Development The local tourer industry remained in topographic point until the developments of the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s when touristry from abroad first began to filtrate into the town. The development of the bundle vacation whereby riders booked flights. transportations and adjustment all in one engagement made topographic points such as Sitges accessible to people from Northern Europe. Furthermore. the usage of jet aircraft made such sensed heroic poems journeys now possible in under half of a twenty-four hours. Sitges responded to these developments with the building of big hotels such as the Terramar and Calipolis on the sea forepart. Other smaller hotels were besides built. frequently in converted Cubanesque houses. Restaurants. stores and bars besides opened to provide for the demands of the increased figure of tourers who visited in the chief season widening from mid-May until the terminal of September. 3. Sitges Success Sitges is now a major tourer resort. perceived as high position and providing for more flush visitants. It has a broad scope of 36 hotels and 12 pensions. numbering 2. 540 suites. It is popular with the homosexual community. many of whom vacation in Sitges during the summer season. This has added to the success of the town and is further reflected in the scope of high position stores and eating houses found at that place. There are over 150 apparels stores and 175 bars and eating houses. four times more than expected in a town the size of Sitges. Sitges has besides attracted many migrators non merely to work in the tourer industry but besides others to populate in the town. These include affluent people from elsewhere in Spain. every bit good as others from around the universe. The migrators comprise of 63 % from Europe and 30 % from Latin America. Many of the Europeans are populating for good in Sitges while others ain 2nd places in the town. Proximity to Barcelona airdrome and the coming of low-priced air hoses such as Easyjet and Ryanair have been an added encouragement to Sitges in pulling people on short interruptions. Today big Numberss of the tourers are independent travelers. doing all of their ain vacation agreements via the cyberspace instead than utilizing a High Street travel bureau. This has been particularly of import since the economic downswing as the bulk of visitants are here for short interruptions merely. 4 Sitges Stagnation Tourism trends alteration. Many of the early tourers to Sitges now looked for cheaper options to topographic points they may hold visited before or go tired of. New resorts opened as the Mediterranean states of Greece. Turkey. Cyprus and others developed their tourer potency and more established resorts such as Sitges saw a autumn in their traditional client base. This stage saw holiday companies such as Thompson remove Sitges from their vacation booklets. 5 Sitges Decline or Rejuvenation The autumn in the traditional tourer base has led Sitges to seek to develop more sustainable schemes. Many environmental betterments are in advancement and the resort has been rebranded as an all-year finish. To this terminal the calendar of events that Sitges offers extends good beyond the traditional vacation season. The extension of the season has been promoted with the production of a DVD with the subject Ã¢â¬ËSitges the art of livingÃ¢â¬â¢ . This entreaties to high income professional groups to do Sitges a lasting base for multiple short interruptions in the Mediterranean Sun. Sitges has capitalised on its propinquity to Barcelona to go one of the chief finishs for Business and Conference touristry in Catalonia. Its specialized hotels in this sector include the Dolce Sitges. with over 30 meeting suites and the Melia Sitges. with a conference hall siting more than 1. 300 delegates and 16 meeting suites. Furthermore. the Sitges Council is shiping on a undertaking called Ã¢â¬ËQUALIA SitgesÃ¢â¬â¢ to heighten touristry by working what is called the Ã¢â¬Ëcreative economyÃ¢â¬â¢ . This refers to the development of activities associating to creativeness. art and civilization which will congratulate SitgesÃ¢â¬â¢ tourer based economic system. It aims to construct upon the earlier function o f Sitges as a Centre of art and civilization based upon the plants of the creative person Rusinol in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It aims to promote and advance cultural and artistic tradition with new engineering. The undertaking is a long term program covering the following 10 old ages and will see the development of a province of the art campus with a school of music and dance. a University of the Performing Arts and a Design Centre. These installations will convey in to Sitges up to 2. 000 pupils a twelvemonth every bit good as a farther 2000 occupations including academic staff and other professionals working in the QUALIA installation. It has been estimated that each pupil will pass about 750Ãâ per month in Sitges of which 150Ãâ will be on tourer and leisure installations. Added to this are the household and friends of the pupils coming to see them who are expected to add a farther 25. 000 guest darks in Sitges and the usage of the townÃ¢â¬â¢s tourer installations. Therefore. Sitges can be seen as traveling frontward in its programs to stay a major leisure finish by diversifying to guarantee long term sustainability. 2. CALAFELL Calafell Ã¢â¬â a brief history Calafell has a population of about 25. 000 people and lies 50 kilometer South of Barcelona. It owes its beginnings to a palace and occupied a defensive site on an inland hill. The name Calafell means Ã¢â¬Ësmall castleÃ¢â¬â¢ and the earliest mention to it dates from 999AD. For old ages the economic system of Calafell was devoted to agriculture and angling. Like Sitges. the reaching in the late 1880Ã¢â¬â¢s of the railroad from Barcelona led to a alteration in its economic lucks. Calafell became more accessible and the development of 2nd places around the railroad Stationss flourished with the 1947 Garden City undertaking known as the Quadra de Segur. At first people lived there merely during vacation periods. but now the bulk of the population are lasting occupants. It was non until the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s that touristry began to develop strongly in Calafell. particularly along the 5km of uninterrupted beach where legion flat edifices and hotels were constructed. With the approval of consecutive metropolis councils. a immense speculative roar in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s led to an eternal row of 6-storey flats confronting the sea. Later ordinances prevented inordinate perpendicular growing whilst inland the prohibition of edifice over two and a half floors led to more green infinite and a lower population denseness. Today. the town of Calafell is delimited into three really distinguishable countries. To the North. narrow streets surround the palace and the old church. To the South. and disconnected from the historic nucleus. the former seafront fishing small town has been converted into tourist country. And to the E is Segur de Calafell. a former Garden City of 2nd places developed on farming area environing the railroad station. | Calafell palace: the historic nucleus of Calafell is disconnected from the seafront beach resort| |Calafell seafront: 6-storey flats confronting the sea| The Butler Model applied to Calafell 1. Discovery Calafell. like Sitges. benefited from the gap of the railroad line but because of its greater distance from Barcelona. there was really slow development until a immense speculative roar in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s. Developers constructed hotels and flats to take advantage of the resortÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest plus Ã¢â¬â its long and broad beach. 2. Growth and Development The building of the promenade and the completion of the sea forepart flats and hotels attracted households from Madrid and northern Spain. peculiarly in the summer months. New concerns opened to provide for the demands of these people. 3. Success The 5 kilometers stretch of coastline consisting the beach resort of Calafell became to the full occupied during the high seasons of the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s and 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s. However. Calafell neer attracted the bundle circuit operators in the manner that Sitges has done and the scope of hotels is really limited. 4. Problem Ã¢â¬â Stagnation The bad roar of the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s and 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s resulted in the devastation of about all of CalafellÃ¢â¬â¢s original seafront. The fishing bungalows were replaced by an eternal row of 6-storey flats confronting the sea. As a consequence. the seafront lacks character and appeal and with the economic crisis and competition from other resorts in Spain and overseas. the figure of hotel suites has decreased by 17 % in the last decennary ( from 1. 690 in 1996 to 1402 in 2006 ) . The immigrant population now represents 20 % of the entire population of Calafell. holding grown quickly in recent old ages. However. Calafell has non attracted big Numberss of affluent people from elsewhere in Spain and Europe in the manner Sitges has. Alternatively. about 50 % of the immigrants are from North Africa. subsiding in the country of Segur de Calafell. Calafell therefore seems to be in stagnancy or diminution manner. Calafell: merely one bungalow from the original seafront remains today 5. Decline or Rejuvenation Like Sitges. the autumn in the traditional tourer base has led Calafell to seek to develop more sustainable schemes. Many environmental betterments are in advancement and the resort has been rebranded as an all-year finish. However. touristry in Calafell has taken a instead different way to Sitges. The family-orientated nature of the resort has been promoted. with Calafell gaining the Ã¢â¬ËFamily Holiday Destination certificateÃ¢â¬â¢ from the Catalan authorities in 2007. This recognised the family-oriented adjustment. eating houses and a scope of leisure activities provided. Calafell has a ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Club in the summer months and. like Sitges. has a tourer train running along the sea forepart and a 2nd associating the beach country with the historic nucleus inland. Calafell has helped open up the tendency for more active vacation chases and in 2008 became the first resort in Spain to offer Nordic walking. This. together with trekking and mountain biking are provided free of charge. with certified ushers. However. despite following the motto Ã¢â¬ËCalafell tot lÃ¢â¬â¢anyÃ¢â¬â¢ ( Ã¢â¬ËCalafell. all yearÃ¢â¬â¢ ) . the resort has struggled to widen the tourer season every bit efficaciously as Sitges. CalafellÃ¢â¬â¢s 2009 Municipal Urban Plan ( POUM ) seeks to halt the uncontrolled urban growing of the town. protect the natural and historical heritage and maintain and heighten the touristry that forms its economic base. Calafell needs to widen its touristry offer and new economic activities need to be attracted to diversify its economic system if it is to avoid going a dormitory town for Barcelona. It can hence be seen that both Sitges and Calafell cater for tourers but are two really different towns. The propinquity of Barcelona has enabled Sitges to turn much more quickly and diversify its touristry more efficaciously than Calafell with the consequence that the two towns have developed and evolved in different ways.
Monday, February 24, 2020
Emission Trading Schemes - Essay Example . Emissions' trading has emerged over the last two decades as the preferred environmental policy tool. The key advantage of emissions trading is that firms can flexibly choose to meet their targets, rather than use predetermined technologies or standards - i.e., command-and-control policies. Emissions sources with low-cost reduction opportunities can over comply and sell their additional allowances to sources where reductions would be more difficult and costly. This leads to the lowest overall cost, or most economically efficient solution. Emissions' trading is particularly relevant to climate change mitigation as carbon dioxide (CO2) and other green-house gases (GHGs) have the same effect wherever they are emitted and compliance costs differ dramatically across sources. Hence there is considerable scope for trading, and opportunity for considerable gains from these trades. Experience in the United States and other countries have shown that well-designed emissions trading programs can reduce environmental policy costs by as much as 50%. . The origins of the EU-ETS date back to 1992 when 180 countries signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Following negotiations under this agreement, the Kyoto Protocol was signed in 1997, committing the industrialized nations to an averaged 5.2% reduction from 1990 levels by the first commitment period in 2008-2012. The EU-ETS officially began on January 1, 2005 and consists of a "warm-up" phase from 2005-2007 and then successive 5-year periods, with the second phase from 2008-2012 set to coincide with the Kyoto compliance period. Six key industrial sectors are covered, notably electricity and heat production plants greater than 20MW capacity. Other included sectors (with specific facility size thresholds) are oil refineries, coke ovens, metal ore and steel installations, cement kilns, glass manufacturing, ceramics manufacturing, and paper, pulp and board mills. These sectors are likely to account for around 12,000 installations (depending on the final details of the specification process), and represent close to half of the total CO2 emissions from the EU-25 countries. Participating companies are allocated allowances, each allowance representing a ton of the relevant emission, in this case carbon dioxide equivalent. Emissions' trading allows companies to emit in excess of their allocation of a llowances by purchasing allowances from the market. Similarly, a company that emits less than its allocation of allowances can sell its surplus allowances. . Monitoring and reporting of an installation's emissions are carried out based on binding EU-wide guidelines mainly through fuel purchases and use of emissions factors, although continuous monitoring and third party verification are allowed. All self-reported emissions must be verified by an independent third party (similar to an auditor reviewing a firm's financial accounts). .Methodologies are under development to allow inclusion of additional sources, greenhouse gases and emissions factors. Hefty fines exists for non-compliance (40 Euro/TCO2 from 2005-2007, then 100Euro/TCO2 from 2008 onwards), levels that are considerably higher than most predictions of allowance prices. . Even though the EU ETS will ultimately be judged on the basis of its effectiveness as a tool to reduce GHG emissions, the underlying rationale for choosing emissions trading was based on economic